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61世界通史(修订版)中世纪卷

重要地名索引

本索引按汉字地名首字的汉语拼音字母顺序排列。

A

阿多瓦Artois549

阿尔萨斯Alsace118,491,498,568,569,619

阿亨Aachen38,48,118

阿金库尔Agincourt82,618

阿克Acre68,69,72,252,269,270,274,348,357—361,363,616,621

阿奎丹Aquitaine18,31

阿拉冈Aragon105,113—116,542,614,619,622

阿拉斯Arras556,557

阿勒颇Aleppo66,238,243,351

阿姆斯特丹Amsterdam430,469,548,556,559—561

阿塞拜疆Azerbaijan195,196,198,200,204,223,224,233,235,239,242,245,611

阿斯特拉罕Astrakhan182,186,191,267,621

阿瓦Ava31,32,145,162,278—280,283,595

阿维农Avignon77,110,120,405,616

阿瑜陀耶Ayutthaya282—284,288,583,617

阿旃陀Ajanta271,272

埃塞俄比亚Ethiopia196,207,210,212,345,357,359—363,432,433,439

爱德沙Edessa67,68,196,347

爱克留斯Ecluse(Sluys)78

安达卢西亚Andalucía356,368

安茹Anjou42,74,87,105,157,158,172,536

安特卫普Antwerp57,403,418,469,549,551,553,556,557,559

奥得河Oder R18,46,168,236,569

奥尔良Orleans26,43,60,81,82,84,120,618

奥格斯堡Augsburg48,55,61,104,156,458,486,511,571,621

奥斯特拉西亚Austrasia27,28,30

巴达维亚Batavia299,430,439,560,623

巴格达Baghdad65,112,198,204,221,222,226,227,229,233,237,238,250,348,350,593,596,602,603,611,613, 615,621

巴哈马群岛Bahamas ls416

巴厘岛Bali297

巴利阿利群岛Balearic136,540

巴罗斯Palos416

巴塞尔Basel104,168,402,457,459,468,499,512

巴塞罗那Barcelona32,42,113,412,541,542

巴士拉Basra222,224,262

卑谬Proem275,278—280

贝尔格莱德Belgrade158,249,619

贝鲁特Beirut68,348

贝拿勒斯Benares265

比萨Bias39,72,105,110,130,144,365

波多黎各Puerto Rico416

波尔多Bordeaux23,66,77,81,531,533,534,540

波洛茨克Pilots174

波斯尼亚Bosnia149,158,249

勃艮第Burgundy14,19,24,27,29,30,35,42,49,81,82,84,85,105,540,548,609

勃固(白古)Peg278

勃兰登堡Brandenburg46,57,102,104,563,569—571

不拉奔Brabant549,551,552,556

布哈拉Bokhara216,222,234,236,245,596,611

布拉格Prague124,163—165,167,497,565,566,569,617

布里尔Brie(Brill)554,622

布列塔尼Brittany44,51,531,613

布鲁日Bruges57,63,75,78,103,405, 545

布鲁萨Bursa245,253

布鲁塞尔Brussels469,555—557

布汶Bovines74,89,615

茨维考Zwickau496,506

达尔马提亚Dalmatia70,105,136,156—158,252,471

达西亚Dacia144,145

大不里士Tabriz201,203,204,238,241,249,597,601,622

大马士革Damascus66,196,214,215,220,222,227,238,243,244,351,368

德里Delhi27,47,48,111,114,207,228,243,244,246,258,262—267,273,354,377—379,467,615

的黎波里Tripoli68,69,250,348,354,357

第聂伯河Dnieper R17,40,175,177,188,189,235

第诺伐Trinova155

东盎格里亚East Anglia51

东列米Domremy82

东吁Toungoo278—280,283,616,621

都尔Tours18,25,26,28,36,66,324,531

杜罗河Duero R113

顿河Don R17,175,180,183,185,186

多瑙河Donau R14,17,32,40,66,137,138,144,145,152,153,155,156,158,160,162,233,237,247,249,505,568

厄布罗河Ebro R113

法尔斯Fars195,243

法兰克尼亚Franconia44,46,48,491,498,499,502,503,508,613

凡尔登Verdun32,39,44,535,569,611

费尔干纳Fergana219,245

佛兰德尔Flanders41,63,74,75,78,102,103,402,459,487,520,545,547,549,551—553,556

佛罗伦萨Florence57,59,61—64,105—108,405,412,416,442,443,446—454,459,600,601,616—619

弗拉基米尔Vladimir177—179,236,613,616

弗兰肯豪森Frankenhausen504

弗里斯兰Friesland551—553

伏尔加河Volga R19,153,155,175,178,182—184,186,189,236,237

伽色尼Ghazni235,262,612,613

高卢Gallia12—21,24—27,29,41,110,133

哥本哈根Copenhagen514,567

格鲁吉亚Georgia191,201,204,235,239,250

格伦瓦尔德Gerüwald104,172,618

根特Ghent57,78,555—557,621

果阿Goa422,423,438,620

海地Haiti187,249,302,313,335,357,360,393,416,424,426,427,432,434,437,439,579

海诺特Hainaut553

海牙Hague561

汉堡Hamburg61,102

汉城Seoul313,315,317—319

汉志Hejaz209,210,216,249

好望角Good Hope413,417,430—432,521,619

合恩角Horn380

河内Hanoi289,290,292,324

赫拉特Herat204,235,239,242,244,262

呼罗珊Khorasan195,197,199,204,205,216,220,223,225,235,238,242,243,601

花剌子模Khoresm Khorezm227,233—236,243

华氏城Pataliputra258,271

基恩Guienne81,84

基辅Kiev43,131,142,146,175—178,187,189,236,613,615

几内亚Guinea368,413,422,431,432,521

加来Calais78,81,84,535

加勒比海Caribbean380,385,424,606

(加里曼丹)Kalimantan296,299,422,584

加纳Ghana365—368,422

加斯科尼Gascony81

江户(东京)Edo Tokyo339

金边Pnom-Penh223,288

京都Kyoto328,330—338,578,619

君士坦丁堡Constantinople65—67,69—71,105,112,132,133,135,137,138,141—144,151,153,248,249,253,595,599—601,618

卡诺沙Canossa50

卡斯提Castile101,113—116,244,402,542—544,547,615,619

卡塔罗尼亚Catalonia115,542,547,614,619

喀山Kazan182,185,187,191,621

开罗Cairo222,226,227,238,243,249,347,349—352,354,368,602,603,620

坎特伯雷Canterbury51,88,89,93,96, 130

康边Campiegne84,568

康斯坦茨Konstanz110

科尔多瓦Cordova112—114,220,424,541,611

科伦Cologne47,102,422,457,458,594

科索沃Kossovo147,152,161,246,617

克拉科夫Cracow169—172,236,470,476,515,617

克勒芒Clermont66,80,614

克里米亚Crimea180,189,235,249,410

克吕尼Cluny49,66

克什米尔Kashmir265

肯特Kent51,52,86,93,230

库斯科Cuzco394—396,426,435

拉罗舍尔La Rochelle531,536,539

拉文那Ravenna19,20

莱比锡Leipzig494,507,568

莱茵河Rhine R18—20,25,27,39,51,57,66,102,104,166,491,500,548,549,563,564,566,568

兰斯Reims18,26,29,84,540

琅城Laon43,59,74,502,503,614

朗该多克Languedoc81,531

雷翁Leon113,612,615

里昂Lyons19,55,60,67,409,531,533,621

里海Caspian Sea17,175,186,200,202,233,235,236,239,410,432,594,599,601

里加Riga103,187,188,358,421,520

里旁Lipany168,618

里斯本Lisbon412,413,419,423,546,622

里亚赞Ryazan178,180

立陶宛Lithuania104,171,172,174,178,180,181,185,188,617,618,622

立窝尼亚Livonia174,183,187—189,622

卢昂Rouen29,84

卢布林Lublin174,188,622

卢森堡Luxemburg101,158,540,548,549

卢瓦尔河Loire R17,25,74,111

鲁西永Roussillon85,547

鹿特丹Rotterdam467

吕贝克Lübeck60,102,567

伦巴德Lombardy20,21,31,32,35,137,610

罗斯托夫Rostov178,180

洛林Lorraine25,30,34—36,41—44,46—48,50,67,68,82,535,551,553,569,600,611

马达加斯加Madagascar345,373,378,380,431,433,439,603,604

马打蓝Mataram613

马来亚Malay560

马里Mali155,197,220,246,360—363,365—369,371,432,603—605,614,617

马六甲Malacca296,298,422,423,430,620

马赛Marseilles55,57,71,79,81,531,617

麦次Metz101,535,569

麦地那Medina208,212—214,216,218,249,364,610

麦加Mecca209—213,225,229,249,364,366—368,370,422,598,610

麦哲伦海峡Magellan,Straits of417,430

满者伯夷Majapahit256,296—298,616,617

曼恩Maine531

曼谷Bangkok283,284

美因河Main R57,486,491

美因兹Mainz46—48,50,55,102,104,487,563

孟加拉Bengal258,264,265,267,273,274,283,588—590

米兰Milan48,55,59,63,98,99,105,130,402,442,450,451,463,470,540

闵斯特Münster505,569

缪尔豪森Mühlhausen504

摩尔达维亚Moldavia144,146—148,157,158,249,617—619

摩哈赤Mohacs159,249,621

摩鹿加群岛Molucca Is298,299,417,421—423,430,560,585

摩苏尔Mosul66,68,204,242

那不勒斯Naples39,48,55,157,158,161,402,447,449,450,540,547,615

那烂陀Nalanda272,589

奈良Nara328,329,335—337,340—343,577,578,610,611

南特Nantes111,516,531,537,539,623

尼德兰Netherlands5,55—57,103,105,121,398,400,402,408,412,418,420,456,457,467—469,479,487,513,517,519,528,539—541,543—557,559,568,621,622

尼哈温Nihawand214,610

尼科堡Nicopolis147,158,247,618

尼日尔河Niger R365—367,369,370, 372,373

尼西亚Nicaea23,65,67,70,71,133,140,154,246,256,294,295,298,299,380,439,583,584,610,611

牛津Oxford57,60,87,90,122,124,126,461,462,465,614,615

纽斯特里亚Neustria27—30

诺夫哥罗德Novgorod103,175,176,178,180,185,190,612,615

诺福克Norfolk524,525

诺里奇Norwich524,525

诺曼底Normandy42,43,74,84,86,87,89,431,531,537,540,613,622

诺森伯里亚Northumbria51

帕维亚Pavia47

旁遮普Punjab258,260,262,265,267—269

皮卡尔迪Picardy531

平壤Pyongyang302,304,309,311,317,318,320

浦甘Pagan275,278,613

普罗旺斯Provence17,29,39,85,86,90

普瓦都Poitou531

普瓦提埃Poitiers25,29,39,78,79,129,611,617

庆州Kyongju303,304,309,320,322,575

曲女城Kanauj258,262

热那亚Genoa39,55,57,59,62,64,65,68,71,72,101,106,140,141,246,249,412,415,442,600,601

日德兰半岛Jutland46

撒哈拉Sahara345,358,360,365,366,368,370

撒马尔罕Samarkand200,216,224,227,233—236,243—245,596,598,599

萨克森Saxony14,29,32,35,40,41,44,46—49,98,99,102,168,485,495,498,499,503,504,506,510,511,563,570,571,611—613

萨拉哥撒Saragossa113,421,541,544,621

萨莱Serbia(Servia)178,237,243

塞尔维亚Serbia(Servia)132,142,147—155,157,160,237,246,249,252,613—617,619

塞纳河Seine R25,43,57,82

塞内加尔Senegal365—367,369,370,431,539

塞浦路斯Cyprus105,594

桑给巴尔Zanzibar364,603—605

桑海(松加依)Songhai365,367—372

圣萨尔瓦多San Salvador376,416

施图林根Stuhlingen500

士瓦本Swabia44,45,47,48,69,104,491,498—500,503—505,511,620

室利佛逝Srivijaya295,296,585,610,613,617

斯堪的纳维亚Scandinavia19,564

斯密斯菲尔德Smithfield93

斯摩棱斯克Smolensk178,181,187,189

斯特拉斯堡Strasburg55,57,61,62,486,569

苏格兰Scotland40,91,528

苏门答腊Sumatra295—298,364,584—586

苏瓦松Soissons20,25,30,609

索菲亚Sofia70,133,135,143,150,155, 180,249,253

塔波尔Tabor166—168,497,618

泰西封Ctesiphon196,197,214

特兰西瓦尼亚Transylvania144,146,147,156—159,618

特棱特Trent518

特里尔Trier47,101,102,499,563

特维尔Tver179,413

提罗尔Tyrol486,499,504,505,509

廷巴克图Timbuktu368—373,432

突尼斯Tunis75,215,226,250,345,353—357,541,611

图林根Thuringia46,492,493,498,499,503,504

土鲁斯Toulouse17,42,67,121

托勒多Toledo18,113,114,402,541—544,547

托斯坎尼Tuscany101

瓦德堡Wartburg495

瓦拉几亚Walachia144,146,147,152,157,158,246,249,616

威尔士Wales20,91

威尼斯Venice55,57,59,61,63,65,68—72,105,106,140,141,151,206,246,368,405,423,442,443,450,452,453,459,465,505,521,546,564,568,601,621,622

威塞克斯Wessex51,52

威斯特伐利亚Westphalia569,570

威悉河Weser R51,569

维登堡Wittenburg493,495,498,513

维尔茨堡Würzburg491,502,503

沃姆斯Worms19,47,50,104,130,495,499,511,563,614

乌尔姆Ulm486

乌拉尔Ural155,182,189,236

乌特勒支Utrecht554,556,557

乌兹别克Uzbekistan179,201,204,245,594

吴哥Angkor256,281,282,286—288,611

西德维纳河Western Dvina188

西兰Zeeland545,548,552—554,561

昔兰尼加Cyrenaica353

香槟Champagne39,42,63,75,82,402

信德Sind260,262

休达Ceuta413,618

牙买加Jamaica416,427,437,547

(雅加达)Jakarta299,430,623

亚丁Aden422,437,605

亚马孙河Amazon R382

耶路撒冷Jerusalem66—69,71,196,214,229,348,449,601,613,614

也门Yemen196,209,210,216,225,250,360,363,364,599,610

伊洛瓦底江Irawadi R274,275,279

伊斯法罕Isfahan202,203,208,240

伊斯坦布尔Istanbul142,249,254,351

易北河Elbe R20,32,39,40,46,51,98,162,569

尤卡坦半岛Yucatan384—386,424

约克郡Yorkshire91,524

占碑Jambi(Djambi)295,296

占婆Champa287,289,291—293

直布罗陀Gibraltar63,111,356,423

爪哇Java(Djawa)238,283,286,294—299,422,430,560,584—586

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